Legalizing Human Cloning Laura Johnson Philosophy 103 May 10, 2010 Part I: Thesis We are in a technological and medically advanced age to where anything is possible. Technology and medical advances combined us as a people have the ability to gain from each opportunity that we invent. For example, we now have the capability at our fingertips to connect with friends and family through the World Wide Web, this in which is given to us by way of technological advances. Through medical advances, we can now repair hearts through surgery, replace organs from donors who have gone on to the next life.
And with this comes a new medical rise of transplanting organs with one that can be harvested from a clone. Medically speaking; (MedicineNet. com) to clone a person for the creation of a person. (¶ 1) As technology and medical advances grow, so does the need for finances to ensure that growth. We will all agree to spend our well earned cash to ensure that technology advances and remains legal, but would we be willing to fund the advancement of cloning in order legalize this field of medicine?
It is (Duddington, 2000) speculated that within the next ten to fifteen years human cloning will become possible. (¶ 1) When in fact human cloning is possible due to the famous sheep named Dolly in 1997. Here in the united states according to our National Conference of State Legislatures (2008) fifteen out fifty states have taken action in prohibiting human cloning; which are “Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, and Virginia. (¶ 1) I stand firm behind these fifteen states that and would be proud to state that I believe all fifty should have laws against human cloning. If we are to legalize human cloning, there would be no passing on to the next life; for those who have a strong emphasis on an afterlife; or just plain deaths. Therefore, with human cloning being legalized, we would encourage immortality. According Johnson (2003) who quotes the French journalist Claude Vorihon; “Cloning a baby is just the first step” approaching an endless life. (¶ 3) If we were meant to have a lifespan with no end, then we would have been created as such.
Unfortunately we have not been created to continually live. As with every living plant, there is a beginning and an end. As mentioned before there are fifteen states that prohibit the use of human cloning which is due to the lack of support from the federal government. Even though (Johnson, 2008) states that our former Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush have addressed the issue of human cloning and have even gone to the extent of stating that “no researchers could use federal money to harvest new cells from embryonic stems. (¶ 9) Although, Johnson (2008) does mention that the “Food and Drug Administration (FDA)…would regulate reproductive cloning” with the use of state funding only or private. (¶ 10) Since our federal government is not willing to pass in type of regulation for the use of federal funds to ensure the progress of cloning research; we as a people should see this as a red flag. Granted the medical advancement is a great source of knowledge to posses, but it is not one in which we should make a practice of and legalizing human cloning would be like legalizing murder. Part II: Anti-Thesis
As our world turns with new advancements in the medical comes the inevitable, cloning. Cloning (MedicineNet. com) is for the purpose of creating life or a person by genetically producing an exact copy. (¶ 1) Granted during the process of cloning this was first accomplished with a sheep by the name of Dolly in 1996 by the Roslin Institute (1996) “as a part of research in producing medicines in the milk of farm animals. ” Which led to “cloning technology,” and in doing so this has led to new advancements to the “improving our understanding of development and genetics. ” (¶ 9-10)
Since the introduction of cloning, there have been several replicas of many other species, such as mice and horses. Even though human cloning Human cloning would just add be added to that list and there would be many benefits from those who choose to participate in human cloning. When human cloning becomes legal we has humans will be able to participate in the many benefits of the cloning of ourselves. The benefits would be limitless. If our liver were to fail we would be able to replace it with an exact duplicate of the original. If our lungs were to deflate, here again we have and exact match.
The same would go for just about every vital and non-vital organ in our bodies. There would be no more blood typing, no more waiting to find a match, and most importantly no more risk of HIV. The list goes on and on. We would be able to replace anything that would malfunction. And cloning ourselves would ensure that we would receive what was originally ours. One of 2005’s best movies was produced at the height of this advancement to give the public a better understanding of the benefits of human cloning, of course for those who could afford such benefits.
The Island not only gave its viewers a better understanding of the possibilities to human cloning but a possible cost. For those who were well set in the bank, they were able to afford to have themselves cloned and in ten to fifteen years down the road, for example the one of lead characters in particular; played by Scarlet Johansson; Sarah Jordan original was involved in a car accident in which she was heart malfunction. Since Sarah Jordan had an insurance policy of a duplicate Jordan Two Delta, Sarah Jordan had the opportunity to have her old heart replaced with that of Jordan Two Delta’s.
As we can see the imagination of human cloning in 2005 is still the same today, we see the possibilities of extended our lives. If that possibility is available, then we should have the means to access it. Scientifically speaking and medically speaking, we do have the means to access the extensions of our lives. Therefore the governments should legalize human cloning. This would not only benefit them but those in whom that lead. Part III: Synthesis Even though we are in a technological and medical age, we should not consider the legalizing of human cloning.
Granted the benefits are endless, but at what cost. The Roslin Institute created Dolly was created in advancing medicines for the production of milk. If at the end result was conceived and Dolly was terminated that would end a life. (1996) When we clone ourselves for our own benefit we initially duplicate our lives. MedicineNet. com mentions that to clone a person is to create a person, and therefore we create a life. (¶ 1) Even though with the advancements in stem cell research our federal government will not allow the use of federal funds to support an unethical cause.
According to Johnson (2008) our former Presidents Clinton and Bush have ensured that the federal money will not be spent to support human cloning. Ethically speaking, human cloning is only a utilitarian advantage. There is only pleasure for the original person, and devastation for the clone. If you have seen 2005’s movie The Island, you would remember that the other main character Lincoln Six-Echo/Tom Lincoln was the one who initiates a turn of events. The idea of this movie is not only to inform the audience of the benefits of human cloning, but also the disadvantages of human cloning.
As mentioned before, when we clone we create life, and in the island Lincoln realized the two through his dreams of his original and what the winning the lotto really meant. It meant that the insurance company that produced the clones literally were sending the clones to paradise; a form of afterlife per say. With this realization, is girl friend Jordan was selected for the lotto and in order to save her life, they escaped the facility in which the clones were being kept. After you watch The Island I believe that you would have a better understanding that legalizing human cloning would not be very beneficial.
And I think that our federal government should stand up to the plate and completely ban any and all research in regards to cloning. References Duddington, J. (2000). The Legal Aspects of Cloning. Catholic Medical Quarterly. Retrieved May 7, 2010 from http://www. catholicdoctors. org. uk/CMQ/Aug_2000/cloning_legal_aspects. htm Johnson, A. (2003) As Cloning Marches Forward, State Legislatures Are Faced With Some Hard Decisions. [Electronic Version] State Legislatures, 30-34 MedicineNet. com. (2010) MedicinNet. Com.
Retrieved May 1, 2010 from http://www. medterms. com/script/main/art. asp? articlekey=26133 Moore, B. N. , Parker, R. (2006). Critical Thinking (Custom 8th ed. ). New York : McGraw-Hill. ISBN National Conference of State Legislators. (2008, January) Human Cloning Laws. Retrieved April 29, 2010 from http://www. ncsl. org/issuesresearch/health/humancloninglaws/tabid/14284/default. aspx The Roslin Institute. (1996) Cloning Dolly the Sheep. Retrieved May 5, 2010 from http://www. animalresearch. info/en/medical/timeline/Dolly