The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union 1 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse •

Signed by the Presidents of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on 7 December 2000 in Nice • Whole range of civil, political, economic and social rights of European citizens • These rights are divided into six sections: 1. Dignity 2. Freedoms 3. Equality 4. Solidarity 5. Citizens‘ Rights 6. Justice 2 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content • Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse

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Based on the fundamental rights and freedoms recognized by: 1. the European Convention on Human Rights 2. the constitutional traditions of the EU Member States 3. The Council of Europe`s Social Charter 4. The Community Charter of Fundamental Social Rights of Workers 5. Other international conventions 3 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse

Title I Dignity 4 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 1 – Human Dignity Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse – Human Dignity is inviolable. It must be respected and protected Article 2 – Right to life – No one shall be condemned to the death penalty, or executed

Article 3 – Right to the integrity of the person Everyone has the right to respect for his or her physical and mental integrity – the prohibition of eugenic practices, in particular those aiming at the selection of persons – the prohibition on making the human body and is parts as such a source of financial gain – the prohibition of the reproductive cloning of human beings 5 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content

Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 4 – Prohibiting of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment Article 5 – Prohibition of slavery and forced labour – No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour – Trafficking in human beings is prohibited 6 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content

Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Title II Freedoms 7 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 6 – Right to liberty and security Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse

Article 7 – Respect for private and family life Everyone has the right to respect for his or her private/family life, home and communication Article 8 – Protection of personal data Everyone has the right – to the protection of personal data concerning him or her – of access to data which has been collected concerning him/her and to have it rectified Compliance with these rules shall be subject to control by an independent authority 8 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 9 – Right to marry and right to found a family (in accordance with he national laws) Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 10 – Freedom of thought, conscience and religion Article 11 – Freedom of expression and information The freedom of pluralism of the media shall be respected Article 12 – Freedom of assembly and of association Article 13 – Freedom of the arts and sciences The arts and scientific research shall be free of constraint. Academic freedom shall be respected 9 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content

Article 14 – Right to education Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Everyone has the right to education & to have access to vocational and continuing training – The freedom to found educational establishments with the due respect for democratic principles – The right of parents to ensure the education and teaching of their children in conformity with their religious, philosophical and pedagogical convictions shall be respected (in accordance with the national laws)

Article 15 – Freedom to choose an occupation and right to engage in work Every citizen of the Union has the freedom to seek employment, to work, to exercise the right of establishment and to provide services in any Member State. 10 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 16 – Right to conduct a business Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 17 – Right to property – Intellectual property shall be protected

Article 18 – Right to asylum Article 19 – Protection in the event of removal, expulsion or extradition – Collective expulsions are prohibited – No one may be removed, expelled or extradited to a state where there is a serious risk that he or she would be subject to the death penalty, torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment 11 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Title III

Equality 12 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 20 – Equality before the law Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 21 – Non discrimination – Any discrimination based on any ground such as sex, race, colour, ethnic or social origin, genetic features, language, religion or belief, political or any other opinion, membership of a national minority, property, birth, disability, age or sexual orientation shall be prohibited

Article 22 – Cultural, religious and linguistic diversity Article 23 – Equality between men and women Article 24 – The rights of the child – In all actions relating to children, the child`s best interest must be a primary consideration 13 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 25 – The rights of the elderly Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 26 – Integration of persons with disabilities 14 Ulrich Wessel

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Title IV Solidarity 15 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 27 – Workers` right to information and consultation within the undertaking Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse

Article 28 – Right of collective bargaining and action Rights to take collective action to defend their interests, including strike action Article 29 – Right of access to placement services Article 30 – Protection in the event of unjustified dismissal Article 31 – Fair and just working conditions Conditions which respect his or her health, safety and dignity Limitation of maximum working hours and an annual period of paid 16 leave Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content

Article 32 – Prohibition of child labour and protection of young people at work Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 33 – Family and professional life The family shall enjoy legal, economic and social protection Article 34 – Social security and social assistance – The Union recognizes and respects the entitlement to social security benefits and social services providing protection in cases such as – Maternity – Illness – Industrial accidents – Dependency or old age 17

Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content – the case of loss of employment Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Article 36 – Access to services of general economic interest Prohibition of abuse – Everyone residing and moving legally within the European Union is entitled to social security benefits and social advantages in accordance with national laws

Article 35 – Health care – Everyone has the right to preventive health care and the right to benefit from medical treatment Article 37 – Environmental protection A high level of environmental protection and the improvement of the quality of the environment must be integrated into the policies of the Union Article 38 – Consumer protection Union policies shall ensure a high level of consumer protection 18 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV –

Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Title V Citizens` Rights 19 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 39 – Right to vote & to stand as a candidate at elections to the European Parliament Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 40 – Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at municipal elections

Article 41 – Right to administration – Every person has the right to have his or her affairs handled impartially, fairly and within a reasonable time by the institutions and bodies of the Union – Every person may write to the institutions of the Union in one of the languages of the Treaties and must have an answer in the same language Article 42– Right of access to documents 20 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 43 – Ombudsman Facts Chapter I – Dignity Chapter II – Freedoms Chapter III – Equality Chapter IV – Solidarity Chapter V – Citizens’ Rights Chapter VI – Justice

Prohibition of abuse – Any citizen of the Union has the right to refer to the Ombudsman of the Union cases of maladministration in the activities of the Community institutions Article 44 – Right to petition Article 45 – Freedom of movement and of residence Article 46 – Diplomatic and consular protection 21 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Title VI Justice 22 Ulrich Wessel

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 47 – Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 48 – Presumption of innocence and right of defense – Everyone who has been charged shall be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law Article 49 – Principles of legality and proportionality of criminal offences and penalties – The severity of penalties must not be disproportionate to the criminal offences

Article 50 – Right not to be tried or punished twice in criminal proceedings for the same criminal offence 23 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Title VII General Provisions 24 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Article 51 – Scope

Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse The provisions of this charter are addressed to the institutions and bodies of the Union and to the Member States only when they are implementing Union law Article 52 – Scope of guaranteed rights Rights recognized by this charter which are based on Community Treaties or the Treaty on European Union shall be exercised under the conditions and within the limits defined by those Treaties

Article 53 – Level of protection Nothing in this charter shall be interpreted as restricting or adversely affecting human rights and fundamental freedoms as recognized by Union law, International law and agreements to which the Union, the Community or all the Member States are party 25 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse Article 54 Prohibition of abuse of rights

Nothing in this Charter shall be interpreted as implying any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms recognized in this Charter or at their limitation to a greater extent than provided for herein. 26 Ulrich Wessel The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union Content Facts Title I – Dignity Title II – Freedoms Title III – Equality Title IV – Solidarity Title V – Citizens’ Rights Title VI – Justice Title VII – General Provisions Prohibition of abuse http://www. europarl. europa. eu/charter 27 Ulrich Wessel

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